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Grooming Tips

Proper grooming is an important part of pet care.  It is a great time for the owner and puppy to share time and bond.  Use treats and plenty of praise to make the experience fun!
Coat
Brush your puppy thoroughly every day.  This will help keep your puppy's hair in good condition by removing dirt, spreading the natural oils throughout the coat, preventing tangles from forming, and keeping the skin clean and free from irritation. Brush in all directions until their are no tangles or mats.
Nails
Trim your puppy's nails about once per month.  Either a scissor or guillotine-style clipper can be used.  You should also purchase a small bottle of blood-clotting powder.
How to Cut Your Puppy's Nails
  1. Have your puppy sit beside you.  Then place one of the puppy's paws in your hand and gently pull it forward.  If your puppy dislikes being handled this way, slowly accustom the puppy to it by offering treats and praise.
  2. Gradually shorten one nail.  Be sure to stop before you reach the quick, which is the part of the nail that contains nerves and blood vessels.  If you cannot see the quick clearly, stop cutting just behind the point at which the nail begins to curve downward.
  3. If you cut into the quick, do not panic.  Put some clotting powder on a moist cotton ball and press it firmly against the nail for several seconds. The bleeding will stop. 
  4. Repeat the process until all of your puppy's nails have been trimmed.
  5. Do not forget to trim the dewclaw, which is located on the inside of each front leg just above the paw. 

Ears

Ear care is an important part of grooming.  Ear infections can not only be painful, but lead to permanent hearing loss.  The signs of an ear problem with a dog include redness, constant scratching, head shaking, and odor. 

How to Clean Your Puppy's Ears

  1. Check your puppy's ears weekly.  The skin inside and on the flaps should be pale pink.  If there is a foul odor and/or any red, brown or black skin, have a veterinarian examine your puppy's ears.
  2. There are cleaning solutions that can be bought at your pet store or veterinarian's office.  Squirt enough cleaner into the the canal to fill it.  Gently massage the ear.  Use a cotton ball to remove any dirt or wax from the flap and the opening of the canal.  Do not probe too deeply into the canal.                                                                                                             

Teeth

Puppies can get cavities and develop periodontal disease, so their teeth should be cleaned with a pet toothpaste at least once a week.  Do not use human toothpaste.  It is best to use a small toothbrush that has soft bristles.  Cleanings performed by a veterinarian may also be required.

Bathing 

Bathe your puppy once every two months or as often as needed.  Be sure to brush your puppy before each bath in order to get all of the mats out of his or her coat.

How to Bathe Your Puppy

  1. Place a rubber mat in your bathtub or a towel in your sink, for secure footing.  Then place a cotton ball in each of you puppy's ears to prevent water from entering.
  2. Rinse your pet with warm water.  Use a spray hose if one is available, but be sure to keep the nozzle very close to you puppy's body.  Never spray your puppy in the face.
  3. Apply shampoo designed especially for puppies in small amounts, working from the head to the tail.  Be sure to clean the rectum, between the toes, behind the ears and under the chin.  Try to avoid getting shampoo in your puppy's eyes.
  4. Thoroughly rinse your puppy with warm water.
  5. Dry your puppy with a towel and/or hair dryer on a low setting.

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" Dogs are not our whole life, but they make our lives whole.".....Roger Caras